Emeritus Professor of History
I took my first degree at Cambridge, where he was a research fellow at Gonville and Caius College before coming to QM as a lecturer in 1975.
My original area of research was English politics in the reigns of Charles II and James II, with an additional interest in Ireland and France in the same period. Comparing the workings of government and politics in England and France, I became interested in the nature of ‘governance’, in how government worked at the grass roots level, looking not only at institutions but also at power relationships.
While researching on towns between 1660 and 1722, I became interested in the few brief periods when the army was used to coerce civilians, and my latest project is on the relationship between the military and civilians under George I.
Current PhD Students
- James II (first published 1978; republished Yale University Press, 2000)
- After the Civil Wars: English Government and Politics in the Reign of Charles II (Longman, 2000)
- Cities Divided: Politics and Religion in English Provincial Towns, 1660-1722 (Oxford University Press)